CISA.gov

Unitronics Vision Legacy series

6 days ago

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v4 8.7
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Unitronics
  • Equipment: Vision Legacy series
  • Vulnerability: Storing Passwords in a Recoverable Format
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to log in to the Remote HMI feature, where the PLC may be factory reset, stopped, and restarted.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of Unitronics Vision Legacy series PLCs are affected:

  • Vision 230: All versions
  • Vision 280: All versions
  • Vision 290: All versions
  • Vision 530: All versions
  • Vision 120: All versions
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 Storing Passwords in a Recoverable Format CWE-257

Unitronics Vision Legacy series PLCs allow a remote, unauthenticated individual to retrieve the 'Information Mode' password in plaintext.

CVE-2024-1480 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-1480. A base score of 8.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:H/VI:N/VA:N/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Water and Wastewater
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Israel
3.4 RESEARCHER

Reid Wightman of Dragos reported this vulnerability to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Dragos recommends users to restrict access to the PLC on TCP/20256 by either changing the default programmer port, or apply a multi-factor VPN to protect the service from remote access.

Unitronics has not responded to requests to work with CISA to mitigate this vulnerability. Please contact Unitronics customer support for more information.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as virtual private networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

CISA also recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:

No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 18, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

RoboDK RoboDK

1 week 1 day ago

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v3 3.3
  • ATTENTION: Low attack complexity
  • Vendor: RoboDK
  • Equipment: RoboDK
  • Vulnerability: Heap-based Buffer Overflow
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could result in an attacker crashing the program through heap-based buffer overflow.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of RoboDK, a robotics development software, are affected:

  • RoboDK: RoboDK v5.5.4 (Windows 64 bit)
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 HEAP-BASED BUFFER OVERFLOW CWE-122

The affected product is vulnerable to heap-based buffer overflow while processing a specific project file. The resulting memory corruption may crash the application.

CVE-2024-0257 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 3.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Canada
3.4 RESEARCHER

Hank Chen, while working with TXOne Networks, reported this vulnerability to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

RoboDK did not respond to CISA's attempts at coordination. Users of RoboDK are encouraged to contact RoboDK and keep their systems up to date.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploitation specifically targeting this vulnerability has been reported to CISA at this time. This vulnerability is not exploitable remotely.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 16, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

Rockwell Automation ControlLogix and GuardLogix

1 week 1 day ago

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v4 9.2
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Rockwell Automation
  • Equipment: ControlLogix 5580, GuardLogix 5580, CompactLogix 5380, 1756-EN4TR
  • Vulnerability: Improper Input Validation
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to cause a major nonrecoverable fault (MNRF) resulting in the product to become unavailable.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of Rockwell Automation ControlLogix and GuardLogix, programmable logic controllers, are affected:

  • ControlLogix 5580: Version V35.011
  • GuardLogix 5580: Version V35.011
  • CompactLogix 5380: Version V35.011
  • 1756-EN4TR: Version V5.001
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

A specific malformed fragmented packet type (fragmented packets may be generated automatically by devices that send large amounts of data) can cause a major nonrecoverable fault (MNRF). If exploited, the affected product will become unavailable and require a manual restart to recover it. Additionally, a MNRF could result in a loss of view and/or control of connected devices.

CVE-2024-3493 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 8.6 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:N/I:N/A:H).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-3493. A base score of 9.2 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:N/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:H).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: United States
3.4 RESEARCHER

Rockwell Automation reported this vulnerability to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Rockwell Automation has released product updates addressing this vulnerability:

  • ControlLogix 5580: Update to version V35.013 or V36.011
  • GuardLogix 5580: Update to version V35.013 or V36.011
  • CompactLogix 5380: Update to version V35.013 or V36.011
  • 1756-EN4TR: Update to version V6.001

For more information, see Rockwell Automation's security advisory (Login required).

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploitation specifically targeting this vulnerability has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 16, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

Electrolink FM/DAB/TV Transmitter

1 week 1 day ago

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v3 8.8
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity/public exploits are available
  • Vendor: Electrolink
  • Equipment: FM/DAB/TV Transmitter
  • Vulnerabilities: Authentication Bypass by Assumed-Immutable Data, Reliance on Cookies without Validation and Integrity Checking, Missing Authentication for Critical Function, Cleartext Storage of Sensitive Information
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to obtain full system access, keep the device from transmitting, escalate privileges, change credentials, and execute arbitrary code.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following Electrolink transmitters are affected:

  • 10W, 100W, 250W, Compact DAB Transmitter
  • 500W, 1kW, 2kW Medium DAB Transmitter
  • 2.5kW, 3kW, 4kW, 5kW High Power DAB Transmitter
  • 100W, 500W, 1kW, 2kW Compact FM Transmitter
  • 3kW, 5kW, 10kW, 15kW, 20kW, 30kW Modular FM Transmitter
  • 15W - 40kW Digital FM Transmitter
  • BI, BIII VHF TV Transmitter
  • 10W - 5kW UHF TV Transmitter
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 Authentication Bypass by Assumed-Immutable Data CWE-302

Electrolink transmitters are vulnerable to an authentication bypass vulnerability affecting the login cookie. An attacker can set an arbitrary value except 'NO' to the login cookie and have full system access.

CVE-2024-3741 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N).

A CVSS v4 score has been calculated for CVE-2024-3741. A base score of 8.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:H/VA:N/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.2 Authentication Bypass by Assumed-Immutable Data CWE-302

The application is vulnerable to an unauthenticated parameter manipulation that allows an attacker to set the credentials to blank giving her access to the admin panel. Also vulnerable to account takeover and arbitrary password change.

CVE-2024-22179 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N).

A CVSS v4 score has been calculated for CVE-2024-22179. A base score of 8.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:H/VA:N/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.3 Reliance on Cookies without Validation and Integrity Checking CWE-565

The application suffers from a privilege escalation vulnerability. An attacker logged in as guest can escalate his privileges by poisoning the cookie to become administrator.

CVE-2024-22186 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 8.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

A CVSS v4 score has been calculated for CVE-2024-22186. A base score of 8.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:L/UI:N/VC:H/VI:H/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.4 Reliance on Cookies without Validation and Integrity Checking CWE-565

The device allows an unauthenticated attacker to bypass authentication and modify the cookie to reveal hidden pages that allows more critical operations to the transmitter.

CVE-2024-21872 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N).

A CVSS v4 score has been calculated for CVE-2024-21872. A base score of 8.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:H/VI:N/VA:N/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.5 Missing Authentication for Critical Function CWE-306

An unauthenticated attacker can reset the board and stop transmitter operations by sending a specially-crafted GET request to the command.cgi gateway, resulting in a denial-of-service scenario.

CVE-2024-21846 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 5.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L).

A CVSS v4 score has been calculated for CVE-2024-21846. A base score of 6.9 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:N/VA:L/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.6 Missing Authentication for Critical Function CWE-306

The devices allow access to an unprotected endpoint that allows MPFS file system binary image upload without authentication. The MPFS2 file system module provides a light-weight read-only file system that can be stored in external EEPROM, external serial flash, or internal flash program memory. This file system serves as the basis for the HTTP2 web server module, but is also used by the SNMP module and is available to other applications that require basic read-only storage capabilities. This can be exploited to overwrite the flash program memory that holds the web server's main interfaces and execute arbitrary code.

CVE-2024-1491 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N).

A CVSS v4 score has been calculated for CVE-2024-1491. A base score of 8.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:H/VA:N/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.7 Cleartext Storage of Sensitive Information CWE-312

Electrolink transmitters store credentials in clear-text. Use of these credentials could allow an attacker to access the system.

CVE-2024-3742 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N).

A CVSS v4 score has been calculated for CVE-2024-3742. A base score of 8.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:H/VI:N/VA:N/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Communications Sector
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Italy
3.4 RESEARCHER

Gjoko Krstic publicly reported these vulnerabilities on the internet after an unsuccessful attempt to contact Electrolink directly.

4. MITIGATIONS

Electrolink has not responded to requests to work with CISA to mitigate these vulnerabilities. Users of the affected products are encouraged to contact Electrolink for additional information.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as virtual private networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 16, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

Measuresoft ScadaPro

1 week 1 day ago

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v4 6.8
  • ATTENTION: Low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Measuresoft
  • Equipment: ScadaPro
  • Vulnerability: Improper Access Control
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to escalate their privileges from unprivileged to SYSTEM privileges.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of ScadaPro, a supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system, are affected:

  • ScadaPro: version 6.9.0.0
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 IMPROPER ACCESS CONTROL CWE-284

The entire parent directory - C:\ScadaPro and its sub-directories and files are configured by default to allow user, including unprivileged users, to write or overwrite files.

CVE-2024-3746 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 5.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-3746. A base score of 6.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS4.0/AV:L/AC:L/AT:N/PR:L/UI:N/VC:N/VI:H/VA:N/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Energy, Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Ireland
3.4 RESEARCHER

Sharon Brizinov of Claroty Team82 reported this vulnerability to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Measuresoft recommends that users manually reconfigure the vulnerable directories so that they are not writable by everyone.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability, such as:

  • Exercise principles of least privilege.
  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as virtual private networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

This vulnerability is not exploitable remotely. No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 16, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

Siemens Telecontrol Server Basic

1 week 6 days ago

As of January 10, 2023, CISA will no longer be updating ICS security advisories for Siemens product vulnerabilities beyond the initial advisory. For the most up-to-date information on vulnerabilities in this advisory, please see Siemens' ProductCERT Security Advisories (CERT Services | Services | Siemens Global). 

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v3 8.8
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: Telecontrol Server Basic
  • Vulnerabilities: Inadequate Encryption Strength, Double Free, Integer Overflow or Wraparound, External Control of File Name or Path, Path Traversal, Improper Input Validation, Missing Encryption of Sensitive Data, Use After Free, Improper Certificate Validation, Inefficient Regular Expression Complexity, Improper Check for Unusual or Exceptional Conditions, NULL Pointer Dereference, Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

Siemens reports that the following products are affected:

  • Siemens TeleControl Server Basic V3: versions prior to V3.1.2
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 INADEQUATE ENCRYPTION STRENGTH CWE-326

A timing-based side channel exists in the OpenSSL RSA decryption implementation which could be sufficient to recover a plaintext across a network in a Bleichenbacher style attack. To achieve a successful decryption an attacker would have to be able to send a very large number of trial messages for decryption. The vulnerability affects all RSA padding modes: PKCS#1 v1.5, RSA-OEAP and RSASVE. For example, in a TLS connection, RSA is commonly used by a client to send an encrypted pre-master secret to the server. An attacker that had observed a genuine connection between a client and a server could use this flaw to send trial messages to the server and record the time taken to process them. After a sufficiently large number of messages the attacker could recover the pre-master secret used for the original connection and thus be able to decrypt the application data sent over that connection.

CVE-2022-4304 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.9 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N).

3.2.2 DOUBLE FREE CWE-415

The function PEM_read_bio_ex() reads a PEM file from a BIO and parses and decodes the "name" (e.g. "CERTIFICATE"), any header data and the payload data. If the function succeeds then the "name_out", "header" and "data" arguments are populated with pointers to buffers containing the relevant decoded data. The caller is responsible for freeing those buffers. It is possible to construct a PEM file that results in 0 bytes of payload data. In this case PEM_read_bio_ex() will return a failure code but will populate the header argument with a pointer to a buffer that has already been freed. If the caller also frees this buffer then a double free will occur. This will most likely lead to a crash. This could be exploited by an attacker who has the ability to supply malicious PEM files for parsing to achieve a denial-of-service attack. The functions PEM_read_bio() and PEM_read() are simple wrappers around PEM_read_bio_ex() and therefore these functions are also directly affected. These functions are also called indirectly by a number of other OpenSSL functions including PEM_X509_INFO_read_bio_ex() and SSL_CTX_use_serverinfo_file() which are also vulnerable. Some OpenSSL internal uses of these functions are not vulnerable because the caller does not free the header argument if PEM_read_bio_ex() returns a failure code. These locations include the PEM_read_bio_TYPE() functions as well as the decoders introduced in OpenSSL 3.0. The OpenSSL asn1parse command line application is also impacted by this issue.

CVE-2022-4450 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.9 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

3.2.3 INTEGER OVERFLOW OR WRAPAROUND CWE-190

An issue was discovered in libxml2 before 2.10.3. When parsing a multi-gigabyte XML document with the XML_PARSE_HUGE parser option enabled, several integer counters can overflow. This results in an attempt to access an array at a negative 2GB offset, typically leading to a segmentation fault.

CVE-2022-40303 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

3.2.4 DOUBLE FREE CWE-415

An issue was discovered in libxml2 before 2.10.3. Certain invalid XML entity definitions can corrupt a hash table key, potentially leading to subsequent logic errors. In one case, a double free can be provoked.

CVE-2022-40304 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.5 EXTERNAL CONTROL OF FILE NAME OR PATH CWE-73

The affected components allow to rename license files with user chosen input without authentication. This could allow an unauthenticated remote attacker to rename and move files as SYSTEM user.

CVE-2022-43513 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.2 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:L).

3.2.6 IMPROPER LIMITATION OF A PATHNAME TO A RESTRICTED DIRECTORY ('PATH TRAVERSAL') CWE-22

The affected component does not correctly validate the root path on folder related operations, allowing to modify files and folders outside the intended root directory. This could allow an unauthenticated remote attacker to execute file operations of files outside of the specified root folder. Chained with CVE-2022-43513 this could allow remote code execution.

CVE-2022-43514 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:L).

3.2.7 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

OPC Foundation Local Discovery Server (LDS) in affected products uses a hard-coded file path to a configuration file. This allows a normal user to create a malicious file that is loaded by LDS (running as a high-privilege user).

CVE-2022-44725 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.8 MISSING ENCRYPTION OF SENSITIVE DATA CWE-311

SQLite through 3.40.0, when relying on --safe for execution of an untrusted CLI script, does not properly implement the azProhibitedFunctions protection mechanism, and instead allows UDF functions such as WRITEFILE.

CVE-2022-46908 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:L).

3.2.9 USE AFTER FREE CWE-416

The public API function BIO_new_NDEF is a helper function used for streaming ASN.1 data via a BIO. It is primarily used internally to OpenSSL to support the SMIME, CMS and PKCS7 streaming capabilities, but may also be called directly by end user applications. The function receives a BIO from the caller, prepends a new BIO_f_asn1 filter BIO onto the front of it to form a BIO chain, and then returns the new head of the BIO chain to the caller. Under certain conditions, for example if a CMS recipient public key is invalid, the new filter BIO is freed and the function returns a NULL result indicating a failure. However, in this case, the BIO chain is not properly cleaned up and the BIO passed by the caller still retains internal pointers to the previously freed filter BIO. If the caller then goes on to call BIO_pop() on the BIO then a use-after-free will occur. This will most likely result in a crash. This scenario occurs directly in the internal function B64_write_ASN1() which may cause BIO_new_NDEF() to be called and will subsequently call BIO_pop() on the BIO. This internal function is in turn called by the public API functions PEM_write_bio_ASN1_stream, PEM_write_bio_CMS_stream, PEM_write_bio_PKCS7_stream, SMIME_write_ASN1, SMIME_write_CMS and SMIME_write_PKCS7. Other public API functions that may be impacted by this include i2d_ASN1_bio_stream, BIO_new_CMS, BIO_new_PKCS7, i2d_CMS_bio_stream and i2d_PKCS7_bio_stream. The OpenSSL cms and smime command line applications are similarly affected.

CVE-2023-0215 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.9 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

3.2.10 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

There is a type confusion vulnerability relating to X.400 address processing inside an X.509 GeneralName. X.400 addresses were parsed as an ASN1_STRING but the public structure definition for GENERAL_NAME incorrectly specified the type of the x400Address field as ASN1_TYPE. This field is subsequently interpreted by the OpenSSL function GENERAL_NAME_cmp as an ASN1_TYPE rather than an ASN1_STRING. When CRL checking is enabled (i.e. the application sets the X509_V_FLAG_CRL_CHECK flag), this vulnerability may allow an attacker to pass arbitrary pointers to a memcmp call, enabling them to read memory contents or enact a denial of service. In most cases, the attack requires the attacker to provide both the certificate chain and CRL, neither of which need to have a valid signature. If the attacker only controls one of these inputs, the other input must already contain an X.400 address as a CRL distribution point, which is uncommon. As such, this vulnerability is most likely to only affect applications which have implemented their own functionality for retrieving CRLs over a network.

CVE-2023-0286 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.4 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:H).

3.2.11 IMPROPER CERTIFICATE VALIDATION CWE-295

A security vulnerability has been identified in all supported versions of OpenSSL related to the verification of X.509 certificate chains that include policy constraints. Attackers may be able to exploit this vulnerability by creating a malicious certificate chain that triggers exponential use of computational resources, leading to a denial-of-service attack on affected systems. Policy processing is disabled by default but can be enabled by passing the -policy argument to the command line utilities or by calling the X509_VERIFY_PARAM_set1_policies() function.

CVE-2023-0464 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

3.2.12 IMPROPER CERTIFICATE VALIDATION CWE-295

Applications that use a non-default option when verifying certificates may be vulnerable to an attack from a malicious certificate authority to circumvent certain checks. Invalid certificate policies in leaf certificates are silently ignored by OpenSSL and other certificate policy checks are skipped for that certificate. A malicious certificate authority could use this to deliberately assert invalid certificate policies in order to circumvent policy checking on the certificate altogether. Policy processing is disabled by default but can be enabled by passing the -policy argument to the command line utilities or by calling the X509_VERIFY_PARAM_set1_policies() function.

CVE-2023-0465 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N).

3.2.13 IMPROPER CERTIFICATE VALIDATION CWE-295

The function X509_VERIFY_PARAM_add0_policy() is documented to implicitly enable the certificate policy check when doing certificate verification. However the implementation of the function does not enable the check which allows certificates with invalid or incorrect policies to pass the certificate verification. As suddenly enabling the policy check could break existing deployments it was decided to keep the existing behavior of the X509_VERIFY_PARAM_add0_policy() function. Instead the applications that require OpenSSL to perform certificate policy check need to use X509_VERIFY_PARAM_set1_policies() or explicitly enable the policy check by calling X509_VERIFY_PARAM_set_flags() with the X509_V_FLAG_POLICY_CHECK flag argument. Certificate policy checks are disabled by default in OpenSSL and are not commonly used by applications.

CVE-2023-0466 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N).

3.2.14 INEFFICIENT REGULAR EXPRESSION COMPLEXITY CWE-1333

Checking excessively long DH keys or parameters may be very slow. Applications that use the functions DH_check(), DH_check_ex() or EVP_PKEY_param_check() to check a DH key or DH parameters may experience long delays. Where the key or parameters that are being checked have been obtained from an untrusted source this may lead to a denial of service. The function DH_check() performs various checks on DH parameters. One of those checks confirms that the modulus ('p' parameter) is not too large. Trying to use a very large modulus is slow and OpenSSL will not normally use a modulus which is over 10,000 bits in length. However the DH_check() function checks numerous aspects of the key or parameters that have been supplied. Some of those checks use the supplied modulus value even if it has already been found to be too large. An application that calls DH_check() and supplies a key or parameters obtained from an untrusted source could be vulernable to a denial of service attack. The function DH_check() is itself called by a number of other OpenSSL functions. An application calling any of those other functions may similarly be affected. The other functions affected by this are DH_check_ex() and EVP_PKEY_param_check(). Also vulnerable are the OpenSSL dhparam and pkeyparam command line applications when using the '-check' option. The OpenSSL SSL/TLS implementation is not affected by this issue. The OpenSSL 3.0 and 3.1 FIPS providers are not affected by this issue.

CVE-2023-3446 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L).

3.2.15 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

The POLY1305 MAC (message authentication code) implementation contains a bug that might corrupt the internal state of applications on the Windows 64 platform when running on newer X86_64 processors supporting the AVX512-IFMA instructions. If an application that uses the OpenSSL library an attacker can influence whether the POLY1305 MAC algorithm is used, the application state might be corrupted with various application dependent consequences. The POLY1305 MAC (message authentication code) implementation in OpenSSL does not save the contents of non-volatile XMM registers on Windows 64 platform when calculating the MAC of data larger than 64 bytes. Before returning to the caller, all the XMM registers are set to zero rather than restoring their previous content. The vulnerable code is used only on newer x86_64 processors supporting the AVX512-IFMA instructions. The consequences of this kind of internal application state corruption can be various - from no consequences, if the calling application does not depend on the contents of non-volatile XMM registers at all, to the worst consequences, where the attacker could get complete control of the application process. However given the contents of the registers are just zeroized so the attacker cannot put arbitrary values inside, the most likely consequence, if any, would be an incorrect result of some application dependent calculations or a crash leading to a denial of service. The POLY1305 MAC algorithm is most frequently used as part of the CHACHA20-POLY1305 AEAD (authenticated encryption with associated data) algorithm. The most common usage of this AEAD cipher is with TLS protocol versions 1.2 and 1.3 and a malicious client can influence whether this AEAD cipher is used by the server. This implies that server applications using OpenSSL can be potentially impacted. However we are currently not aware of any concrete application that would be affected by this issue therefore we consider this a low severity security issue. As a workaround the AVX512-IFMA instructions support can be disabled at runtime by setting the environment variable OPENSSL_ia32cap: OPENSSL_ia32cap=:~0x200000 The FIPS provider is not affected by this issue.

CVE-2023-4807 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.16 IMPROPER CHECK FOR UNUSUAL OR EXCEPTIONAL CONDITIONS CWE-754

Generating excessively long X9.42 DH keys or checking excessively long X9.42 DH keys or parameters may be very slow. Applications that use the functions DH_generate_key() to generate an X9.42 DH key may experience long delays. Likewise, applications that use DH_check_pub_key(), DH_check_pub_key_ex() or EVP_PKEY_public_check() to check an X9.42 DH key or X9.42 DH parameters may experience long delays. Where the key or parameters that are being checked have been obtained from an untrusted source this may lead to a denial of service. While DH_check() performs all the necessary checks (as of CVE-2023-3817), DH_check_pub_key() doesn't make any of these checks, and is therefore vulnerable for excessively large P and Q parameters. Likewise, while DH_generate_key() performs a check for an excessively large P, it doesn't check for an excessively large Q. An application that calls DH_generate_key() or DH_check_pub_key() and supplies a key or parameters obtained from an untrusted source could be vulnerable to a denial of service attack. DH_generate_key() and DH_check_pub_key() are also called by a number of other OpenSSL functions. An application calling any of those other functions may similarly be affected. The other functions affected by this are DH_check_pub_key_ex(), EVP_PKEY_public_check(), and EVP_PKEY_generate(). Also vulnerable are the OpenSSL pkey command line application when using the "-pubcheck" option, as well as the OpenSSL genpkey command line application. The OpenSSL SSL/TLS implementation is not affected by this issue. The OpenSSL 3.0 and 3.1 FIPS providers are not affected by this issue.

CVE-2023-5678 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L).

3.2.17 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft SQL Server remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-21528 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.18 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft SQL Server Integration Service (VS extension) remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-21568 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.19 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft ODBC Driver for SQL Server remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-21704 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.20 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft SQL Server remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-21705 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.21 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft SQL Server remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-21713 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.22 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft ODBC Driver for SQL Server remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-21718 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.23 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft SQL Server remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-23384 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:L/A:L).

3.2.24 NULL POINTER DEREFERENCE CWE-476

In libxml2 before 2.10.4, parsing of certain invalid XSD schemas can lead to a NULL pointer dereference and subsequently a segmentation fault. This occurs in xmlSchemaFixupComplexType in xmlschemas.c.

CVE-2023-28484 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 6.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

3.2.25 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft ODBC and OLE DB remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-29349 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.26 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft ODBC Driver for SQL Server remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-29356 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.27 DOUBLE FREE CWE-415

An issue was discovered in libxml2 before 2.10.4. When hashing empty dict strings in a crafted XML document, xmlDictComputeFastKey in dict.c can produce non-deterministic values, leading to various logic and memory errors, such as a double free. This behavior occurs because there is an attempt to use the first byte of an empty string, and any value is possible (not solely the '\0' value).

CVE-2023-29469 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 6.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

3.2.28 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft ODBC Driver for SQL Server remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-32025 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.29 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft ODBC Driver for SQL Server remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-32026 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.30 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft ODBC Driver for SQL Server remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-32027 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.31 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft SQL OLE DB remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-32028 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.32 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

.NET, .NET Framework, and Visual Studio elevation of privilege vulnerability.

CVE-2023-36049 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.6 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:H/A:L).

3.2.33 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft SQL OLE DB remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-36417 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.34 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft ODBC Driver for SQL Server remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-36420 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.35 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

ASP.NET security feature bypass vulnerability.

CVE-2023-36560 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.36 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft SQL Server denial-of-service vulnerability.

CVE-2023-36728 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

3.2.37 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft ODBC Driver for SQL Server remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-36730 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.38 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft ODBC Driver for SQL Server remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-36785 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.39 MISSING ENCRYPTION OF SENSITIVE DATA CWE-311

.NET Framework remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-36788 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.40 MISSING ENCRYPTION OF SENSITIVE DATA CWE-311

Visual Studio remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-36792 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.41 MISSING ENCRYPTION OF SENSITIVE DATA CWE-311

Visual Studio remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-36793 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.42 MISSING ENCRYPTION OF SENSITIVE DATA CWE-311

Visual Studio remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-36794 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.43 MISSING ENCRYPTION OF SENSITIVE DATA CWE-311

Visual Studio remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-36796 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.44 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

.NET Framework spoofing vulnerability.

CVE-2023-36873 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.4 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:N).

3.2.45 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

ASP.NET elevation of privilege vulnerability.

CVE-2023-36899 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.46 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Microsoft SQL OLE DB remote code execution vulnerability.

CVE-2023-38169 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.47 IMPROPER RESTRICTION OF OPERATIONS WITHIN THE BOUNDS OF A MEMORY BUFFER CWE-119

Xmlsoft Libxml2 v2.11.0 was discovered to contain an out-of-bounds read via the xmlSAX2StartElement() function at /libxml2/SAX2.c. This vulnerability allows attackers to cause a denial of service via supplying a crafted XML file. NOTE: the vendor's position is that the product does not support the legacy SAX1 interface with custom callbacks; there is a crash even without crafted input.

CVE-2023-39615 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 6.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Energy, Transportation Systems, Water and Wastewater Systems
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
3.4 RESEARCHER

Siemens reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Siemens has released a new version for Telecontrol Server Basic that fixes multiple vulnerabilities:

As a general security measure, Siemens recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. To operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens' operational guidelines for industrial security and following recommendations in the product manuals.

Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found on the Siemens industrial security webpage

For more information see the associated Siemens security advisory SSA-556635 in HTML and CSAF.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities. CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 11, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

Siemens Scalance W1750D

1 week 6 days ago

As of January 10, 2023, CISA will no longer be updating ICS security advisories for Siemens product vulnerabilities beyond the initial advisory. For the most up-to-date information on vulnerabilities in this advisory, please see Siemens' ProductCERT Security Advisories (CERT Services | Services | Siemens Global). 

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v3 9.8
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: Scalance W1750D
  • Vulnerabilities: Classic Buffer Overflow
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to exploit buffer overflow and information disclosure vulnerabilities which could lead to information disclosure or unauthenticated remote code execution.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following products of Siemens Scalance W1750D, a direct access point, are affected:

  • Siemens SCALANCE W1750D (JP) (6GK5750-2HX01-1AD0): All versions prior to V8.10.0.9
  • Siemens SCALANCE W1750D (ROW) (6GK5750-2HX01-1AA0): All versions prior to V8.10.0.9
  • Siemens SCALANCE W1750D (USA) (6GK5750-2HX01-1AB0): All versions prior to V8.10.0.9
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 BUFFER COPY WITHOUT CHECKING SIZE OF INPUT ('CLASSIC BUFFER OVERFLOW') CWE-120

There are buffer overflow vulnerabilities in multiple underlying services that could lead to unauthenticated remote code execution by sending specially crafted packets destined to the PAPI (Aruba's access point management protocol) UDP port (8211). Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities results in the ability to execute arbitrary code as a privileged user on the underlying operating system.

CVE-2023-35980 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.2 BUFFER COPY WITHOUT CHECKING SIZE OF INPUT ('CLASSIC BUFFER OVERFLOW') CWE-120

There are buffer overflow vulnerabilities in multiple underlying services that could lead to unauthenticated remote code execution by sending specially crafted packets destined to the PAPI (Aruba's access point management protocol) UDP port (8211). Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities results in the ability to execute arbitrary code as a privileged user on the underlying operating system.

CVE-2023-35981 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.3 BUFFER COPY WITHOUT CHECKING SIZE OF INPUT ('CLASSIC BUFFER OVERFLOW') CWE-120

There are buffer overflow vulnerabilities in multiple underlying services that could lead to unauthenticated remote code execution by sending specially crafted packets destined to the PAPI (Aruba's access point management protocol) UDP port (8211). Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities results in the ability to execute arbitrary code as a privileged user on the underlying operating system.

CVE-2023-35982 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
3.4 RESEARCHER

Siemens reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce risk:

  • Update to V8.10.0.9 or later version. The update is available upon request from customer support
  • The CLI and web-based management interfaces should be restricted to a dedicated layer 2 segment/VLAN and/or controlled by firewall policies at layer 3 and above
  • Enabling cluster-security via the cluster-security command will prevent the vulnerabilities from being exploited

As a general security measure, Siemens recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. To operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens' operational guidelines for industrial security and following recommendations in the product manuals.

Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found on the Siemens industrial security webpage.

For more information see the associated Siemens security advisory SSA-885980 in HTML and CSAF.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 11, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

Siemens SIMATIC WinCC

1 week 6 days ago

As of January 10, 2023, CISA will no longer be updating ICS security advisories for Siemens product vulnerabilities beyond the initial advisory. For the most up-to-date information on vulnerabilities in this advisory, please see Siemens' ProductCERT Security Advisories (CERT Services | Services | Siemens Global). 

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v4 6.9
  • ATTENTION: Low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: SIMATIC PCS 7, SIMATIC WinCC
  • Vulnerability: Classic Buffer Overflow
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow a local attacker to cause a denial-of-service condition in the runtime of the SCADA system.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of Siemens SIMATIC PCS 7 and SIMATIC WinCC, a SCADA system, are affected:

  • Siemens SIMATIC PCS 7 V9.1: All versions before V9.1 SP2 UC04
  • Siemens SIMATIC WinCC Runtime Professional V17: All versions
  • Siemens SIMATIC WinCC Runtime Professional V18: All versions
  • Siemens SIMATIC WinCC Runtime Professional V19: All versions before V19 Update 1
  • Siemens SIMATIC WinCC V7.5: All versions before V7.5 SP2 Update 16
  • Siemens SIMATIC WinCC V8.0: All versions
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 BUFFER COPY WITHOUT CHECKING SIZE OF INPUT ('CLASSIC BUFFER OVERFLOW') CWE-120

The affected products do not properly validate the input provided in the login dialog box. An attacker could leverage this vulnerability to cause a persistent denial-of-service condition.

CVE-2023-50821 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 6.2 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2023-50821. A base score of 6.9 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS4.0/AV:L/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:N/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
3.4 RESEARCHER

Siemens reported this vulnerability to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce risk:

  • All affected products: Activate SIMATIC Logon in the User Administrator of the SIMATIC PCS 7 Operator Stations
  • SIMATIC WinCC Runtime Professional V17: Currently no fix is available
  • SIMATIC WinCC Runtime Professional V18: Currently no fix is available
  • SIMATIC WinCC V8.0: Currently no fix is available
  • SIMATIC WinCC Runtime Professional V19: Update to V19 Update 1 or later version
  • SIMATIC WinCC V7.5: Update to V7.5 SP2 Update 16 or later version
  • SIMATIC PCS 7 V9.1: Update to V9.1 SP2 UC04 or later version

As a general security measure, Siemens recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. To operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens' operational guidelines for industrial security and following recommendations in the product manuals.

Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found on the Siemens industrial security webpage.

For more information see the associated Siemens security advisory SSA-730482 in HTML and CSAF.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploitation specifically targeting this vulnerability has been reported to CISA at this time. This vulnerability is not exploitable remotely.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 11, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

Siemens SINEC NMS

1 week 6 days ago

As of January 10, 2023, CISA will no longer be updating ICS security advisories for Siemens product vulnerabilities beyond the initial advisory. For the most up-to-date information on vulnerabilities in this advisory, please see Siemens' ProductCERT Security Advisories (CERT Services | Services | Siemens Global). 

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v4 7.2
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: SINEC NMS
  • Vulnerabilities: Improper Check for Unusual or Exceptional Conditions, Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to impact confidentiality, integrity, and availability.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following products of Siemens, are affected:

  • SINEC NMS: All versions prior to V2.0 SP2
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 IMPROPER CHECK FOR UNUSUAL OR EXCEPTIONAL CONDITIONS CWE-754

Generating excessively long X9.42 DH keys or checking excessively long X9.42 DH keys or parameters may be very slow. Impact summary: Applications that use the functions DH_generate_key() to generate an X9.42 DH key may experience long delays. Likewise, applications that use DH_check_pub_key(), DH_check_pub_key_ex() or EVP_PKEY_public_check() to check an X9.42 DH key or X9.42 DH parameters may experience long delays. Where the key or parameters that are being checked have been obtained from an untrusted source this may lead to a Denial-of-Service. While DH_check() performs all the necessary checks (as of CVE-2023-3817), DH_check_pub_key() does not make any of these checks and is therefore vulnerable for excessively large P and Q parameters. Likewise, while DH_generate_key() performs a check for an excessively large P, it doesn't check for an excessively large Q. An application that calls DH_generate_key() or DH_check_pub_key() and supplies a key or parameters obtained from an untrusted source could be vulnerable to a Denial-of-Service attack. DH_generate_key() and DH_check_pub_key() are also called by a number of other OpenSSL functions. An application calling any of those other functions may similarly be affected. The other functions affected by this are DH_check_pub_key_ex(), EVP_PKEY_public_check(), and EVP_PKEY_generate(). Also vulnerable are the OpenSSL pkey command line application when using the "-pubcheck" option, as well as the OpenSSL genpkey command line application. The OpenSSL SSL/TLS implementation is not affected by this issue. The OpenSSL 3.0 and 3.1 FIPS providers are not affected by this issue.

CVE-2023-5678 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L).

3.2.2 IMPROPER LIMITATION OF A PATHNAME TO A RESTRICTED DIRECTORY ('PATH TRAVERSAL') CWE-22

Generating excessively long X9.42 DH keys or checking excessively long X9.42 DH keys or parameters may be very slow. Impact summary: Applications that use the functions DH_generate_key() to generate an X9.42 DH key may experience long delays. Likewise, applications that use DH_check_pub_key(), DH_check_pub_key_ex() or EVP_PKEY_public_check() to check an X9.42 DH key or X9.42 DH parameters may experience long delays. Where the key or parameters that are being checked have been obtained from an untrusted source this may lead to a Denial-of-Service. While DH_check() performs all the necessary checks (as of CVE-2023-3817), DH_check_pub_key() doesn't make any of these checks, and is therefore vulnerable for excessively large P and Q parameters. Likewise, while DH_generate_key() performs a check for an excessively large P, it doesn't check for an excessively large Q. An application that calls DH_generate_key() or DH_check_pub_key() and supplies a key or parameters obtained from an untrusted source could be vulnerable to a Denial-of-Service attack. DH_generate_key() and DH_check_pub_key() are also called by a number of other OpenSSL functions. An application calling any of those other functions may similarly be affected. The other functions affected by this are DH_check_pub_key_ex(), EVP_PKEY_public_check(), and EVP_PKEY_generate(). Also vulnerable are the OpenSSL pkey command line application when using the "-pubcheck" option, as well as the OpenSSL genpkey command line application. The OpenSSL SSL/TLS implementation is not affected by this issue. The OpenSSL 3.0 and 3.1 FIPS providers are not affected by this issue.

CVE-2024-31978 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.6 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:L/A:H).

CVE-2024-31978 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v4 base score of 7.2 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:L/UI:N/VC:L/VI:L/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
3.4 RESEARCHER

Siemens reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce risk:

As a general security measure, Siemens recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. To operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens' operational guidelines for industrial security and following recommendations in the product manuals.

Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found on the Siemens industrial security webpage.

For more information see the associated Siemens security advisory SSA-128433 in HTML and CSAF.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs). Recognize VPNs may have vulnerabilities, should be updated to the most recent version available, and are only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

CISA also recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:

No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 11, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

Siemens RUGGEDCOM APE1808

1 week 6 days ago

As of January 10, 2023, CISA will no longer be updating ICS security advisories for Siemens product vulnerabilities beyond the initial advisory. For the most up-to-date information on vulnerabilities in this advisory, please see Siemens' ProductCERT Security Advisories (CERT Services | Services | Siemens Global). 

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v4 8.2
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: RUGGEDCOM APE1808
  • Vulnerabilities: Cross-site Scripting, Improper Privilege Management, Improper Check for Unusual or Exceptional Conditions, Truncation of Security-relevant Information, Insufficient Session Expiration
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow a malicious administrator to store a JavaScript payload using the web interface, revoke active XML API keys from the firewall and disrupt XML API usage, or cause a denial-of-service.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of Siemens RUGGEDCOM APE1808, an application hosting platform, are affected:

  • Siemens RUGGEDCOM APE1808: All versions with Palo Alto Networks Virtual NGFW configured with support for the CHACHA20-POLY1305 algorithm or any Encrypt-then-MAC algorithms (CVE-2023-48795)
  • Siemens RUGGEDCOM APE1808: All versions with Palo Alto Networks Virtual NGFW (CVE-2023-6789, CVE-2023-6793, CVE-2024-0008)
  • Siemens RUGGEDCOM APE1808: All versions with Palo Alto Networks Virtual NGFW that are configured with BGP routing features enabled (CVE-2023-38802)
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF INPUT DURING WEB PAGE GENERATION ('CROSS-SITE SCRIPTING') CWE-79

A cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in Palo Alto Networks PAN-OS software enables a malicious authenticated read-write administrator to store a JavaScript payload using the web interface. Then, when viewed by a properly authenticated administrator, the JavaScript payload executes and disguises all associated actions as performed by that unsuspecting authenticated administrator.

CVE-2023-6789 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 4.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2023-6789. A base score of 5.1 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:L/UI:P/VC:N/VI:N/VA:N/SC:L/SI:L/SA:N).

3.2.2 IMPROPER PRIVILEGE MANAGEMENT CWE-269

An improper privilege management vulnerability in Palo Alto Networks PAN-OS software enables an authenticated read-only administrator to revoke active XML API keys from the firewall and disrupt XML API usage.

CVE-2023-6793 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 2.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2023-6793. A base score of 5.1 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:H/UI:N/VC:N/VI:N/VA:L/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.3 IMPROPER CHECK FOR UNUSUAL OR EXCEPTIONAL CONDITIONS CWE-754

FRRouting FRR 7.5.1 through 9.0 and Pica8 PICOS 4.3.3.2 allow a remote attacker to cause a denial of service via a crafted BGP update with a corrupted attribute 23 (Tunnel Encapsulation).

CVE-2023-38802 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

3.2.4 TRUNCATION OF SECURITY-RELEVANT INFORMATION CWE-222

The SSH transport protocol with certain OpenSSH extensions, found in OpenSSH before 9.6 and other products, allows remote attackers to bypass integrity checks such that some packets are omitted from the extension negotiation message. A client and server may consequently end up with a connection for which some security features have been downgraded or disabled, aka a Terrapin attack. This occurs because the SSH Binary Packet Protocol (BPP) implemented by these extensions mishandles the handshake phase and mishandles use of sequence numbers.

CVE-2023-48795 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 5.9 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2023-48795. A base score of 8.2 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS4.0/AV:N/AC:H/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:H/VA:N/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.5 INSUFFICIENT SESSION EXPIRATION CWE-613

Web sessions in the management interface in Palo Alto Networks PAN-OS software do not expire in certain situations, making it susceptible to unauthorized access.

CVE-2024-0008 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
3.4 RESEARCHER

Siemens reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce risk:

  • (CVE-2023-6789, CVE-2023-6793, CVE-2023-38802, CVE-2024-0008) RUGGEDCOM APE1808: Contact customer support to receive patch and update information.
  • (CVE-2023-48795) RUGGEDCOM APE1808: Currently no fix is available
  • (CVE-2023-48795) RUGGEDCOM APE1808: CVE-2023-48795: Customers can resolve this issue by configuring the in-use SSH profile to contain at least one cipher and at least one MAC algorithm, which removes support for CHACHA20-POLY1305 and all Encrypt-then-MAC algorithms available (ciphers with -etm in the name) in PAN-OS software. See Palo Alto Networks' upstream documentation https://security.paloaltonetworks.com/CVE-2023-48795 for additional guidance.

As a general security measure, Siemens recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. To operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens' operational guidelines for industrial security and following recommendations in the product manuals.

Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found on the Siemens industrial security webpage.

For more information see the associated Siemens security advisory SSA-455250 in HTML and CSAF.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

CISA also recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:

No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 11, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

Siemens SIMATIC S7-1500

1 week 6 days ago

As of January 10, 2023, CISA will no longer be updating ICS security advisories for Siemens product vulnerabilities beyond the initial advisory. For the most up-to-date information on vulnerabilities in this advisory, please see Siemens' ProductCERT Security Advisories (CERT Services | Services | Siemens Global). 

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v3 7.8
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: SIMATIC S7-1500
  • Vulnerabilities: Improper Check for Unusual or Exceptional Conditions, Improper Input Validation, Use After Free, Out-of-bounds Write
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attack to cause a heap-based buffer overflow, local privilege escalation, kernel information leak, and a denial-of-service condition.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following Siemens products are affected:

  • Siemens SIMATIC S7-1500 TM MFP (GNU/Linux subsystem): All versions
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 IMPROPER CHECK FOR UNUSUAL OR EXCEPTIONAL CONDITIONS CWE-754

Applications that use the functions DH_generate_key() to generate an X9.42 DH key may experience long delays. Likewise, applications that use DH_check_pub_key(), DH_check_pub_key_ex() or EVP_PKEY_public_check() to check an X9.42 DH key or X9.42 DH parameters may experience long delays. Where the key or parameters that are being checked have been obtained from an untrusted source, this may lead to a denial-of-service condition. An application that calls DH_generate_key() or DH_check_pub_key() and supplies a key or parameters obtained from an untrusted source could be vulnerable to a denial-of-service attack. DH_generate_key() and DH_check_pub_key() are also called by a number of other OpenSSL functions. Also vulnerable are the OpenSSL pkey command line application when using the "-pubcheck" option, as well as the OpenSSL genpkey command line application. The OpenSSL SSL/TLS implementation is not affected by this issue. The OpenSSL 3.0 and 3.1 FIPS providers are not affected by this issue.

CVE-2023-5678 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L).

3.2.2 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

An out-of-bounds read vulnerability was found in the NVMe-oF/TCP subsystem in the Linux kernel. This issue may allow a remote attacker to send a crafted TCP packet, triggering a heap-based buffer overflow that results in kmalloc data being printed and potentially leaked to the kernel ring buffer (dmesg).

CVE-2023-6121 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 4.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:N/A:N).

3.2.3 USE AFTER FREE CWE-416

A use-after-free vulnerability in the Linux kernel's netfilter: nf_tables component can be exploited to achieve local privilege escalation. The function nft_pipapo_walk did not skip inactive elements during set walk which could lead double deactivations of PIPAPO (Pile Packet Policies) elements, leading to use-after-free. We recommend upgrading past commit 317eb9685095678f2c9f5a8189de698c5354316a.

CVE-2023-6817 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.4 OUT-OF-BOUNDS WRITE CWE-787

A heap out-of-bounds write vulnerability in the Linux kernel's Performance Events system component can be exploited to achieve local privilege escalation. A perf_event's read_size can overflow, leading to a heap out-of-bounds increment or write in perf_read_group(). We recommend upgrading past commit 382c27f4ed28f803b1f1473ac2d8db0afc795a1b.

CVE-2023-6931 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.5 USE AFTER FREE CWE-416

A use-after-free vulnerability in the Linux kernel's ipv4: igmp component can be exploited to achieve local privilege escalation. A race condition can be exploited to cause a timer to be mistakenly registered on a RCU read locked object which is freed by another thread. We recommend upgrading past commit e2b706c691905fe78468c361aaabc719d0a496f1.

CVE-2023-6932 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.6 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

The Linux kernel before 6.5.4 has an es1 use-after-free in fs/ext4/extents_status.c, related to ext4_es_insert_extent.

CVE-2023-45898 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.7 USE AFTER FREE CWE-416

A use-after-free issue was found in igmp_start_timer in net/ipv4/igmp.c in the network sub-component in the Linux Kernel. This flaw allows a local user to observe a refcnt use-after-free issue when receiving an igmp query packet, leading to a kernel information leak.

CVE-2023-6121 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.5 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N).

3.2.8 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Processing a maliciously formatted PKCS12 file may lead OpenSSL to crash leading to a potential denial-of-service attack Impact summary: Applications loading files in the PKCS12 format from untrusted sources might terminate abruptly. A file in PKCS12 format can contain certificates and keys and may come from an untrusted source. The PKCS12 specification allows certain fields to be NULL, but OpenSSL does not correctly check for this case. This can lead to a NULL pointer dereference that results in OpenSSL crashing. If an application processes PKCS12 files from an untrusted source using the OpenSSL APIs then that application will be vulnerable to this issue. OpenSSL APIs that are vulnerable to this are: PKCS12_parse(), PKCS12_unpack_p7data(), PKCS12_unpack_p7encdata(), PKCS12_unpack_authsafes() and PKCS12_newpass(). We have also fixed a similar issue in SMIME_write_PKCS7(). However, since this function is related to writing data, we do not consider it security significant. The FIPS modules in 3.2, 3.1, and 3.0 are not affected by this issue.

CVE-2024-0727 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.5 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
3.4 RESEARCHER

Siemens reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce risk:

  • Only build and run applications from trusted sources.

As a general security measure, Siemens recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. To operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens' operational guidelines for industrial security and following recommendations in the product manuals.

Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found on the Siemens industrial security webpage.

For more information see the associated Siemens security advisory SSA-265688 in HTML and CSAF.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs). Recognize VPNs may have vulnerabilities, should be updated to the most recent version available, and are only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

CISA also recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:

No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 11, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

Rockwell Automation 5015-AENFTXT

1 week 6 days ago

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v4 8.7
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Rockwell Automation
  • Equipment: 5015-AENFTXT
  • Vulnerability: Improper Input Validation
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to crash the device and impact availability for the affected system.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following Rockwell Automation ethernet/IP adapter products are affected:

  • 5015-AENFTXT: v35 and prior to v2.12.1
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

An input validation vulnerability exists among the affected products that causes the secondary adapter to result in a major nonrecoverable fault (MNRF) when malicious input is entered. If exploited, the availability of the device will be impacted, and a manual restart is required. Additionally, a malformed PTP packet is needed to exploit this vulnerability.

CVE-2024-2424 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-2424. A base score of 8.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:N/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N.

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: United States
3.4 RESEARCHER

Rockwell Automation reported this vulnerability to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Rockwell Automation recommends users update to v2.12.1.

Users using the affected software, who are not able to upgrade to one of the corrected versions, are encouraged to apply Security Best Practices, where possible.

For more information and to see Rockwell's detection rules, see Rockwell Automation's security advisory.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploitation specifically targeting this vulnerability has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 11, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

Siemens Parasolid

1 week 6 days ago

As of January 10, 2023, CISA will no longer be updating ICS security advisories for Siemens product vulnerabilities beyond the initial advisory. For the most up-to-date information on vulnerabilities in this advisory, please see Siemens' ProductCERT Security Advisories (CERT Services | Services | Siemens Global). 

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v4 7.3
  • ATTENTION: Low Attack Complexity
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: Parasolid
  • Vulnerabilities: Out-of-bounds Read, Allocation of Resources Without Limits or Throttling, NULL Pointer Dereference
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to execute code within the context of the current process.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following products of Siemens, are affected:

  • Siemens Parasolid V35.1: Versions prior to V35.1.254
  • Siemens Parasolid V36.0: Versions prior to V36.0.207
  • Siemens Parasolid V36.1: Versions prior to V36.1.147
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 OUT-OF-BOUNDS READ CWE-125

The affected applications contain an out of bounds read past the end of an allocated structure while parsing specially crafted X_T files. This could allow an attacker to execute code in the context of the current process.

CVE-2024-26275 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

CVE-2024-26275 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:L/AC:H/AT:N/PR:N/UI:P/VC:H/VI:H/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.2 ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES WITHOUT LIMITS OR THROTTLING CWE-770

The affected application contains a stack exhaustion vulnerability while parsing a specially crafted X_T file. This could allow an attacker to cause denial of service condition.

CVE-2024-26276 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 3.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L).

CVE-2024-26276 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 4.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:L/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:P/VC:N/VI:N/VA:L/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.3 NULL POINTER DEREFERENCE CWE-476

The affected applications contain a null pointer dereference vulnerability while parsing specially crafted X_T files. An attacker could leverage this vulnerability to crash the application causing denial of service condition.

CVE-2024-26277 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 3.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L).

CVE-2024-26277 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 4.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:L/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:P/VC:N/VI:N/VA:L/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Energy
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
3.4 RESEARCHER

Siemens reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce risk:

  • Parasolid V35.1: Update to V35.1.254 or later version
  • Parasolid V36.0: Update to V36.0.207 or later version
  • Parasolid V36.1: Update to V36.1.147 or later version
  • Do not open untrusted XT files in Parasolid

As a general security measure, Siemens recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. To operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens' operational guidelines for industrial security and following recommendations in the product manuals.

Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found on the Siemens industrial security webpage

For more information see the associated Siemens security advisory SSA-222019 in HTML and CSAF.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs). Recognize VPNs may have vulnerabilities, should be updated to the most recent version available, and are only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

CISA also recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:

No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time. These vulnerabilities are not exploitable remotely.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 11, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

Siemens RUGGEDCOM APE1808 before V11.0.1

1 week 6 days ago

As of January 10, 2023, CISA will no longer be updating ICS security advisories for Siemens product vulnerabilities beyond the initial advisory. For the most up-to-date information on vulnerabilities in this advisory, please see Siemens' ProductCERT Security Advisories (CERT Services | Services | Siemens Global). 

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v4 6.1
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: RUGGEDCOM APE1808
  • Vulnerabilities: Network Amplification, Exposure of Sensitive System Information to an Unauthorized Control Sphere, External Control of File Name or Path, Cross-site Scripting, Insufficiently Protected Credentials, Externally Controlled Reference to a Resource in Another Sphere
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow a network-based attacker to conduct reflected and amplified TCP denial-of-service (RDoS) attacks.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of Siemens RUGGEDCOM APE1808, an application hosting platform, are affected:

  • Siemens RUGGEDCOM APE1808: All versions with Palo Alto Networks Virtual NGFW before V11.0.1
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 INSUFFICIENT CONTROL OF NETWORK MESSAGE VOLUME (NETWORK AMPLIFICATION) CWE-406

A PAN-OS URL filtering policy misconfiguration could allow a network-based attacker to conduct reflected and amplified TCP denial-of-service (DoS) attacks. The DoS attack would appear to originate from a Palo Alto Networks PA-Series (hardware), VM-Series (virtual) and CN-Series (container) firewall against an attacker-specified target. To be misused by an external attacker, the firewall configuration must have a URL filtering profile with one or more blocked categories assigned to a source zone that has an external facing interface. This configuration is not typical for URL filtering and, if set, is likely unintended by the administrator. If exploited, this issue would not impact the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of our products. However, the resulting denial-of-service (DoS) attack may help obfuscate the identity of the attacker and implicate the firewall as the source of the attack. We have taken prompt action to address this issue in our PAN-OS software. All software updates for this issue are expected to be released no later than the week of August 15, 2022. This issue does not impact Panorama M-Series or Panorama virtual appliances. This issue has been resolved for all Cloud NGFW and Prisma Access customers and no additional action is required from them.

CVE-2022-0028 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 8.6 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:N/I:N/A:H).

3.2.2 EXPOSURE OF SENSITIVE SYSTEM INFORMATION TO AN UNAUTHORIZED CONTROL SPHERE CWE-497

A vulnerability in Palo Alto Networks PAN-OS software enables an authenticated administrator to expose the plaintext values of secrets stored in the device configuration and encrypted API keys.

CVE-2023-0005 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 4.1 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:H/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N).

3.2.3 EXTERNAL CONTROL OF FILE NAME OR PATH CWE-73

A file disclosure vulnerability in Palo Alto Networks PAN-OS software enables an authenticated read-write administrator with access to the web interface to export local files from the firewall through a race condition.

CVE-2023-0008 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 4.4 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:H/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N).

3.2.4 IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF INPUT DURING WEB PAGE GENERATION ('CROSS-SITE SCRIPTING') CWE-79

A DOM-Based cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in Palo Alto Networks PAN-OS software enables a remote attacker to execute a JavaScript payload in the context of an administrator's browser when they view a specifically crafted link to the PAN-OS web interface.

CVE-2023-6790 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 4.9 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2023-6790. A base score of 6.1 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:H/UI:N/VC:L/VI:N/VA:N/SC:H/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.5 INSUFFICIENTLY PROTECTED CREDENTIALS CWE-522

A credential disclosure vulnerability in Palo Alto Networks PAN-OS software enables an authenticated read-only administrator to obtain the plaintext credentials of stored external system integrations such as LDAP, SCP, RADIUS, TACACS+, and SNMP from the web interface.

CVE-2023-6791 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 4.9 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2023-6791. A base score of 6.1 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:H/UI:N/VC:L/VI:N/VA:N/SC:H/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.6 EXTERNALLY CONTROLLED REFERENCE TO A RESOURCE IN ANOTHER SPHERE CWE-610

A vulnerability exists in Palo Alto Networks PAN-OS software that enables an authenticated administrator with the privilege to commit a specifically created configuration to read local files and resources from the system.

CVE-2023-38046 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 5.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:L/A:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
3.4 RESEARCHER

Siemens reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce risk:

  • RUGGEDCOM APE1808: Upgrade Palo Alto Networks Virtual NGFW V11.0.1. Contact Siemens customer support to receive patch and update information.

As a general security measure, Siemens recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. To operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens' operational guidelines for industrial security and following recommendations in the product manuals.

Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found on the Siemens industrial security webpage.

For more information see the associated Siemens security advisory SSA-822518 in HTML and CSAF.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this (these) vulnerability(ies), such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

CISA also recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:

No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 11, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

SUBNET PowerSYSTEM Server and Substation Server

2 weeks 1 day ago

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v4 8.6
  • ATTENTION: Low attack complexity
  • Vendor: SUBNET Solutions Inc.
  • Equipment: PowerSYSTEM Server, Substation Server 2021
  • Vulnerabilities: Reliance on Insufficiently Trustworthy Component
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of the vulnerabilities in components used by PowerSYSTEM Server 2021 and Substation Server 2021 could allow privilege escalation, denial of service, or arbitrary code execution.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

SUBNET Solutions reports that the following products use components with vulnerabilities:

  • PowerSYSTEM Server: version 4.07.00 and prior
  • Substation Server 2021: version 4.07.00 and prior
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 RELIANCE ON INSUFFICIENTLY TRUSTWORTHY COMPONENT CWE-1357

SUBNET Solutions Inc. has identified vulnerabilities in third-party components used in PowerSYSTEM Server 2021 and Substation Server 2021.

CVE-2024-3313 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 8.4 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-3313. A base score of 8.6 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS4.0/AV:L/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:H/VI:H/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing, Energy
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Canada
3.4 RESEARCHER

SUBNET Solutions reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Subnet Solutions has fixed these issues by identifying and replacing out of date libraries used in previous versions of PowerSYSTEM Server and Substation Server 2021. Users are advised to update to version 4.09.00.927 or newer. To obtain this software, contact Subnet Solution's Customer Service.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as virtual private networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time. These vulnerabilities are not exploitable remotely.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 9, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories SEL

2 weeks 6 days ago

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v4 5.9
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories
  • Equipment: SEL 700 series relays
  • Vulnerability: Inclusion of Undocumented Features
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to make modifications or cause a denial-of-service condition.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories products are affected:

  • SEL-700BT Motor Bus Transfer Relay: R301-V0 up to but not including R301-V6
  • SEL-700BT Motor Bus Transfer Relay: R302-V0 up to but not including R302-V1
  • SEL-700G Generator Protection Relay: R100-V0 up to but not including R301-V6
  • SEL-700G Generator Protection Relay: R302-V0 up to but not including R302-V1
  • SEL-710-5 Motor Protection Relay: R100-V0 up to but not including R302-V1
  • SEL-751 Feeder Protection Relay: R101-V0 up to but not including R302-V3
  • SEL-751 Feeder Protection Relay: R400-V0 up to but not including R400-V2
  • SEL-787-2/-3/-4 Transformer Protection Relay: R100-V0 up to but not including R302-V1
  • SEL-787Z High-Impedance Differential Relay: R302-V0 up to but not including R302-V3
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 INCLUSION OF UNDOCUMENTED FEATURES CWE-1242

Inclusion of undocumented features vulnerability accessible when logged on with a privileged access level on the following Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories relays could allow the relay to behave unpredictably.

CVE-2024-2103 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 6.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:H).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-2103. A base score of 5.9 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:P/PR:H/UI:N/VC:N/VI:H/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Energy
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: United States
3.4 RESEARCHER

An anonymous researcher reported this vulnerability to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories recommends updating to the latest versions:

  • SEL-700BT Motor Bus Transfer Relay: R301-V6
  • SEL-700BT Motor Bus Transfer Relay: R302-V1
  • SEL-700G Generator Protection Relay: R301-V6
  • SEL-700G Generator Protection Relay: R302-V1
  • SEL-710-5 Motor Protection Relay: R302-V0
  • SEL-751 Feeder Protection Relay: R302-V3
  • SEL-751 Feeder Protection Relay: R400-V2
  • SEL-787-2/-3/-4 Transformer Protection Relay: R302-V1
  • SEL-787Z High-Impedance Differential Relay: R302-V3

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolate them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPNs are only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploitation specifically targeting this vulnerability has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 4, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

Hitachi Energy Asset Suite 9

2 weeks 6 days ago

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v4 6.9
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Hitachi Energy
  • Equipment: Asset Suite 9
  • Vulnerability: Improper Authentication
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to use an authentication anomaly to successfully invoke the REST service.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of Hitachi Energy's Asset Suite, an enterprise asset management tool, are affected:

  • Asset Suite: Versions prior to 9.6.3.13
  • Asset Suite: Versions prior to 9.6.4.1
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 IMPROPER AUTHENTICATION CWE-287

REST service authentication anomaly with "valid username/no password" credential combination for batch job processing may result in successful service invocation. The anomaly doesn't exist with other credential combinations.

CVE-2024-2244 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 5.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-2244. A base score of 6.9 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:L/VA:N/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Energy
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Switzerland
3.4 RESEARCHER

Hitachi Energy reported this vulnerability to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Hitachi Energy recommends users apply the following mitigations where available:

  • Update to version 9.6.3.13 or 9.6.4.1

For more information, see Hitachi Energy advisory 8DBD000195.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploitation specifically targeting this vulnerability has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 4, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

IOSIX IO-1020 Micro ELD

3 weeks 1 day ago

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v4 9.4
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable from adjacent network/Low attack complexity
  • Vendor: IOSiX
  • Equipment: IO-1020 Micro ELD
  • Vulnerabilities: Use of Default Credentials, Download of Code Without Integrity Check
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an adjacent attacker to take control of vehicle systems by connecting to and modifying the affected device.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following IOSiX products are affected:

  • IO-1020 Micro ELD: Versions prior to 360
3.2 Vulnerability Overview 3.2.1 USE OF DEFAULT CREDENTIALS CWE-1392

IO-1020 Micro ELD uses a default WIFI password that could allow an adjacent attacker to connect to the device.

CVE-2024-30210 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.4 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:A/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-30210. A base score of 8.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS4.0/AV:A/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:H/VI:N/VA:N/SC:H/SI:H/SA:H).

3.2.2 USE OF DEFAULT CREDENTIALS CWE-1392

Web server uses a default password for authentication.

CVE-2024-31069 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.4 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:A/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-31069. A base score of 8.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS4.0/AV:A/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:H/VI:N/VA:N/SC:H/SI:H/SA:H).

3.2.3 DOWNLOAD OF CODE WITHOUT INTEGRITY CHECK CWE-494

IO-1020 Micro ELD downloads source code or an executable from an adjacent location and executes the code without sufficiently verifying the origin or integrity of the code.

CVE-2024-28878 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 9.6 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:A/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-28878. A base score of 9.4 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS4.0/AV:A/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:H/VI:H/VA:H/SC:H/SI:H/SA:H).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Transportation
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: North America
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: United States
3.4 RESEARCHER

Jake Jepson of Colorado State University reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

IOSIX recommends users update to 360.

For further support, contact IOSiX.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities, such as:

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time. These vulnerabilities are not exploitable remotely.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • April 2, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

Rockwell Automation PowerFlex 527

4 weeks 1 day ago

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v4 8.7
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Rockwell Automation
  • Equipment: PowerFlex 527
  • Vulnerabilities: Improper Input Validation, Uncontrolled Resource Consumption
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this these vulnerabilities could crash the device and require a manual restart to recover.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

Rockwell Automation reports that the following versions of PowerFlex 527 adjustable frequency AC drives are affected:

  • PowerFlex 527: Versions v2.001.x and later
3.2 Vulnerability Overview

3.2.1 Improper Input Validation CWE-120

A denial-of-service vulnerability exists in the PowerFlex 527 due to improper input validation in the device. If exploited, the web server will crash and need a manual restart to recover it.

CVE-2024-2425 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

A CVSS v4 score has been calculated for CVE-2024-2425. A base score of 8.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:N/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.2 Improper Input Validation CWE-120

A denial-of-service vulnerability exists in the PowerFlex 527 due to improper input validation in the device. If exploited, a disruption in the CIP communication will occur and a manual restart will be required by the user to recover it.

CVE-2024-2426 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

A CVSS v4 score has been calculated for CVE-2024-2426. A base score of 8.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:N/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.3 Uncontrolled Resource Consumption CWE-400

A denial-of-service vulnerability exists in the PowerFlex 527 due to improper traffic throttling in the device. If multiple data packets are sent to the device repeatedly the device will crash and require a manual restart to recover.

CVE-2024-2427 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

A CVSS v4 score has been calculated for CVE-2024-2427. A base score of 8.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:N/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: United States
3.4 RESEARCHER

Rockwell Automation reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Rockwell Automation does not currently have a fix for these vulnerabilities. Users of the affected software are encouraged to apply risk mitigations and security best practices, where possible.

  • Implement network segmentation confirming the device is on an isolated network.
  • Disable the web server, if not needed. The web server is disabled by default. Disabling this feature is available in v2.001.x and later.
  • Security Best Practices

For more information, visit Rockwell Automation's security advisory page.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this these vulnerabilities. CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

CISA also recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:

No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • March 26, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA

Automation-Direct C-MORE EA9 HMI

4 weeks 1 day ago

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CVSS v3 7.5
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: AutomationDirect
  • Equipment: C-MORE EA9 HMI
  • Vulnerabilities: Path Traversal, Stack-Based Buffer Overflow, Plaintext Storage of a Password
2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to exploit a remote device and inject malicious code on the panel.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of C-MORE EA9 HMI, a display system used for interfacing with controllers, are affected:

  • C-MORE EA9 HMI EA9-T6CL: Version 6.77 and prior
  • C-MORE EA9 HMI EA9-T7CL: Version 6.77 and prior
  • C-MORE EA9 HMI EA0-T7CL-R: Version 6.77 and prior
  • C-MORE EA9 HMI EA9-T8CL: Version 6.77 and prior
  • C-MORE EA9 HMI EA9-T10CL: Version 6.77 and prior
  • C-MORE EA9 HMI EA9-T10WCL: Version 6.77 and prior
  • C-MORE EA9 HMI EA9-T12CL: Version 6.77 and prior
  • C-MORE EA9 HMI EA9-T15CL: Version 6.77 and prior
  • C-MORE EA9 HMI EA9-T15CL-R: Version 6.77 and prior
  • C-MORE EA9 HMI EA9-RHMI: Version 6.77 and prior
  • C-MORE EA9 HMI EA9-PGMSW: Version 6.77 and prior
3.2 Vulnerability Overview

3.2.1 Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal') CWE-22

There is a function in Automation-Direct C-MORE EA9 HMI that allows an attacker to send a relative path in the URL without proper sanitizing of the content.

CVE-2024-25136 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H)

CVE-2024-25136 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v4 base score of 8.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:H/VI:N/VA:N/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.2 Stack-based Buffer Overflow CWE-121

In Automation-Direct C-MORE EA9 HMI there is a program that copies a buffer of a size controlled by the user into a limited sized buffer on the stack which leads to a stack overflow. The result of this stack-based buffer overflow will lead to a denial-of-service conditions.

CVE-2024-25137 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 4.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L)

CVE-2024-25137 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v4 base score of 5.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:L/UI:N/VC:N/VI:N/VA:L/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.2.3 Plaintext Storage of a Password CWE-256

In Automation-Direct C-MORE EA9 HMI credentials used by the platform are stored as plain text on the device.

CVE-2024-25138 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 6.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N)

CVE-2024-25138 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v4 base score of 7.1 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:L/UI:N/VC:H/VI:N/VA:N/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND
  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Commercial Facilities, Critical Manufacturing, Energy, Water and Wastewater
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: United States
3.4 RESEARCHER

Tomer Goldschmidt of Claroty Research - Team82 reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

AutomationDirect recommends that users update C-MORE EA9 HMI to V6.78.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY
  • March 26, 2024: Initial Publication
CISA
Checked
5 minutes 38 seconds ago
Subscribe to CISA.gov feed